Sentences : Meaning, Kinds With Exercise


A Sentence is a group of words that provides complete meaning. In other words when two or more words are logged and provide complete meaning, it’s called sentences.

E. g.

  1. God is good.
  2. Boys play in the field.
  3. Do your duty.
  4. What is your name?
  5. May God bless you.

Each of the above group of words has a special meaning and each of them expresses a complete meaning. Each of them is Sentences.

A sentence may be defined as a group of words which makes a complete sense.

Mark that Each sentences begins with a capital letter.

Kinds Of Sentences:

Sentences may be divided into five types according to their meaning:

  1. Assertive Sentence
  2. Interrogative Sentence
  3. Imperative Sentence
  4. Optative Sentence
  5. Exclamatory Sentence

1. Assertive Sentence :

Sentences which describes an incident are called assertive sentences. An assertive Sentences is called a statement.

E. g.

  1. Man is Mortal.
  2. Guwahati is a city.
  3. The Ramayana is a epic.
  4. Sunil is a good cricketer.
  5. There is a school in our village.
  6. We shall follow your novel example.

Each of the sentences expresses or states an Incident, a statement or a fact. This is called Assertive Sentence.

A full stop (.) is used after such a statement.

2. Imperative Sentence :

Sentences which express an order, advice or a proposal are called Imperative Sentences. They are usually called commands or requests.

E. g.

  1. Salute the National Flag.
  2. Be kind to the poor.
  3. Don’t waste your time.
  4. Don’t run in the sun.
  5. Get out from here.
  6. Please sit down here.
  7. Let me go home.

In the above sentences expresses advice, an order or a proposal. In Imperative Sentence, the subject is always unexpressed or understood.

A Full Stop (.) is usually place after Imperative Sentences .

3. Interrogative Sentences:

A sentences which asks a question is called an Interrogative Sentences.

E. g.

  1. Are you happy?
  2. Can you speak Marathi?
  3. Does she speak Hindi?
  4. How are you?
  5. Where do you live?
  6. What do you want here?

Each of the above sentences asks a question. These sentences are called interrogative Sentence.

The note of interrogation (?) is used after interrogative sentences.

4. Optative Sentence :

A sentence which expresses a wish, a desire, a prayer or a blessing, is called optative Sentence.


  1. May God bless you.
  2. May you pass the examination.
  3. May you live long.
  4. Long live our freedom.
  5. May God punish the guilty.

Each of the sentences expresses a wish, a desire, a prayer or a blessing. Such a Sentence is called Optative Sentence.

A full stop (.) is used at the end of the sentences.

5. Exclamatory Sentence :

Sentences which expresses the speaker’s emotion or feeling, sudden joy, sorrow or wonder. Such a sentence is called Exclamatory sentences.

E. g.

  1. How kind God is!
  2. What a lovely picture!
  3. How lovely is the Rose!
  4. What a fool I am!
  5. Hurrah! 0we have won the match.
  6. What a pity! he failed again.

The note of exclamation (!) is used at the end of an exclamatory sentence. Sometimes, it is used after the word expressing joy or sorrow at the beginning of an Exclamatory Sentences and a full stop is used at the end of a sentence.

Affirmation And Negative Sentences :

Again, sentences can be divided into two groups – Affirmative and Negative Sentences. A sentence which affirms something is called affirmative Sentences. A sentence which denies something is called negative Sentences.

Example Of Affirmative:

  1. Nina is intelligent.
  2. I can do this.
  3. There is some milk in the pot.
  4. Are you well?
  5. Anyone can do this.
  6. Somebody came to his heel.
  7. Every one is liable to error.
  8. Always speaks the truth.
  9. Everything is Transitory.
  10. Do you know this?
  11. Run-on the sun.

Example Of Negative:

  1. Nina is not Intelligent.
  2. I can not do this.
  3. There is not any milk in the pot.
  4. Aren’t you well?
  5. None can do this.
  6. Nobody came to his help.
  7. No man is free from error.
  8. Never tell a lie.
  9. Nothing is permanent.
  10. Don’t know this?
  11. Don’t run in the sun



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