The present tense is thus the change of form in verb to express the time of the action of the verb. Present tense continuance and degree of completeness. Present tense also denotes the nature of the action – whether it is habitual, continuous or completed.
Present Tense is divided into four types
- Present Indefinite or Simple Present
- Present Continuous Tense
- Present perfect tense
- Present perfect continuous tense
PRESENT INDEFINITE :
The Present Indefinite tense or simple present is used to express a habitual action, to express universal truth, to introduce a quotation, to express an action in the near future. Present Indefinite Tense is used often with adverbs of frequency like ‘often ‘, ‘usually ‘, ‘generally ‘, ‘daily ‘, ‘once a week ‘, ‘every month’, ‘every year ‘ etc.
FORMATION OF PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE
subject +verb(present form) + object
If subject is singular number 3rd person then (verb + s/es ) .
- I go to school.
- He goes to school.
In the above sentence (II) He is 3rd person singular number that’s why verb with (es ).
- An illustration makes a book more interesting.
- Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.
- Hot air rises above.
- He visits us every Sunday afternoon.
- He usually goes to bed at 9-30.
- Sushma has a music lesson twice a week.
- Water boils at 100 degree Celsius.
- Fire burns up everything.
- The two brothers often quarrel with each other.
- Our classes sit at 10 O’clock.
- He comes here every Monday.
- I hear a booming sound.
- He feels feverish.
- He writes letters every Sunday.
- Cats drinks milk.
- I see a bird on the tree.
- Surnam drinks a glass of water at bedtime.
- Mr Saikia teaches us English.
- The Ambani appears once a week.
- Rain falls from the clouds.
- The shop opens at 8 O’clock each morning.
- A vegetarian is a person who never eats meat.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Present Continuous tense describes the action which is doing at present (now). To express an action that planned or arranged to take place in the near future. (This is called Arranged future) . Another important of present continuous tense is to announce a future event which is already fixed or arrange.
FORMATION OF PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE :
Subject + ( am /is /are) + verb + ing +object.
If the subject is singular number 3rd person then always use ( is).
- He is starting for Mumbai tomorrow.
- I am going to school.
- He is going to school.
- They are going to school.
- We are flying to Mumbai next week.
- The boy is busy, he is cleaning the floor.
- The child is crying because he cannot find his mother.
- The traffic constable at Piccadilly circus is controlling the flow of traffic.
- It is very cloudy early this morning but the sun is now shining brightly.
- He is leaving for New York this morning.
- He usually drinks tea but today he is drinking coffee at our request.
- Don’t go out, it is raining now.
- The boy is sitting on a chair and eating an orange.
- John is travelling to Russia next week.
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE :
present Perfect Tense denotes an action that took place within a given period that extends to and includes the present. It doesn’t tell us when the complete action took place. It simply refers to the present result of an activity or experience in the past. The main interest is not in the past but in the present.
FORMATION OF PRESENT PERFECT TENSE :
subject +(have /has) + verb’s past participle + object.
If the subject is 3rd person singular number then always subject +has.
- I have gone to school.
- He has gone to school.
- I haven’t met him for a month.
- He has been silent for a long time.
- We have been in this town for a fortnight.
- You have worked for a long time.
- The rain has just arrived.
- Have you had your meals?
- I have not spoken to him since yesterday.
- I have seen the Taj Mahal And I know how beautiful it is.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE :
The present perfect continuous tense is used to indicate that an action has been beginning on for some time and is not finished yet. It, therefore, denotes action that :
a) Began sometime in the past,
b) Is continuing in the present, and
c) May extend to the future.
FORMATION OF PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE :
subject + have/has (been) +verb(ing ) +object
Note that ‘since ‘ or ‘ for ‘ is generally used with the present perfect continuous tense. If the subject is 3rd person singular number then always subject + has been
For Example :
1. I have been reading English for six years.
2. He has been reading English for six years.
3. He has been suffering from fever since Monday day.
- My sister has been suffering from fever since yesterday.
- Sandeep has been working hard for the examination.
- The girl has been singing for an hour.
- We have been waiting for you since noon.
- He has been swimming in the river for an hour.
- Gopal has been working in the field since 7 O’clock.
- The man has been sleeping for more than sixteen hours.
Also Read :
- STORY WRITING
- CORRELATIVES : DEFINITION TYPES AND IMPORTANT EXERCISE
- GRAMMAR CHECK : HOW TO CHECK GRAMMAR SPELLIN