Prepositions : 6 Essential steps of Prepositions with Example

Prepositions:

Prepositions mean those words are placed before a noun (or a pronoun) and indicate the relation of that Noun or Pronoun with the rest of the sentence.

Prepositions mean ” That which is placed before ” a Noun. It usually governs a noun or pronoun before which it is used.

Example :

  1. God is in heaven.
  2. This book is on the table.
  3. Site by me.
  4. We see with our eyes.
  5. He came at noon.

In the above sentence, the words – in, on, by, with, at all are prepositions.

POSITION OF THE PREPOSITIONS :
a) A preposition is usually used before a Noun or Pronoun that it governs.

Ex. He is at home. The boy came to me.

b) The prepositions are used at the end of a sentence if it governs a question word.

Ex. What is the boy crying for? Where has he came from ? Who are you writing to ? What are shoes made of ? Who are you laughing at?

c) The prepositions are used at the end of sentences in case an Adjective clause starts with ‘Whom’ , ‘Which’, or ‘That’.

Ex. He give us everything that I asked for. That is boy whom I spoke of. This is the topic that we talk about.

USE OF IMPORTANT PREPOSITIONS
1) AT : IN: ON

‘At’ is used to denote anything small place or a point of time.
But ‘in’ denotes a large place or period of time.
‘On’ is used to denote anything period of time ( day or date).

Ex.We live in Pune. HE came at 4 O'clock . Hari will go on Monday.

2) BY: WITH
‘BY ‘ Is used before the agent, while ‘with’ is used with the instrument.

Ex.
We work with our hands.
We see with our eyes.
The tiger was killed by a hunter.
The letter was written by Amal.

3) BETWEEN: AMONG

‘ Between ‘ refers to only two persons or things while ‘ Among ‘ refers to more than two.

Ex. Divide it between you and Ram. Distribute the oranges among the boys of the class.

4) IN: INTO
‘ IN ‘ denotes position inside, while ‘ into ‘ denotes motion from outsides to a place inside.

Ex. Mr. Das is in his chamber. Shilpa is in the class room. The fox fell into the well. We went into the room.

5) ON: OVER
‘On’ denotes physical contact while ‘over’ does not indicate physical contact.

Ex. The sky is over our head. The boy is on the desk.

6) AFTER: IN WITHIN
‘after’ is used to denote anything period of past time but ‘in’ refers to a period of future time. ‘Within’ denotes before end of a period of future time.

Ex. Hari comes after a month. I attend school after a week. I shall come back in an hour. My uncle will arrive in few days. You must repay the loan within a month. I will send you the news within a fortnight.

7) BESIDE: BESIDES 
‘Beside’ means by the side of and ‘Besides’ means in addition to.

Ex. Sit beside me. We stood beside the lake. Besides Shelter , he gave me food and drinks. Besides Aamir, Santana also help me.

8) SINCE: FOR FORM

Both ‘ Since ‘ and ‘ Form ‘ refer to a point of time, but ‘ for ‘ refers to the period of time.
‘Since ‘ is used in present perfect and present perfect continuous tense and in reference to past time only But ‘ form ‘ is used any form of tense and in reference to present , past or future time.
‘ For ‘ is used in any form of tenses.

Ex. I have been ill for a week. He read English from the age of eight. He has been ill since yesterday . The work begins from today. The work begins from yesterday. The work will begin from tomorrow.My uncle will stay here for a month. The moon will not rise for an hour. It rained for an hour.

9) IN : ON: TO

‘ IN ‘ denotes within the boundary. ‘ON’ denotes on the boundary and ‘ To ‘ beyond or outside the boundary.

Ex. Darjeeling is in the north of west Bengal. The Himalayas are on the North Of India. China is to the north of India. Sri Lanka is to the south of India.

10) OF: FORM

‘ OF ‘ or ‘ FORM ‘ is used before the name of a substance from which a thing is made. If the substance remains unchanged ‘OF’ is used; If the substance is changed, ‘FORM’ is used.

Ex. The chair is made of wood. Wine is made from grapes. Flour is made from wheat. Shoes are made of leather.

VARIOUS USES OF SOME PREPOSITIONS

ABOUT

it is used to indicate :

I) Nearness Of place.

Ex.
He stood about the door.

ii ) Nearness Of time.

Ex.
He came at about 3 O’clock.
I shall see you at about 6 P. M.

III) Concerning :

Ex.
He told me everything about the case.
I told him about this matter.

IV) Every side :

He looks about for some water.

V) Nearness Of State :

Ex.
The patient is about to die.

ABOVE

it is used to mean :

I) Over :

birds fly above the tall trees.

II) Superior

His conduct is above suspicion.

III) More than :

The boys are above six years of age.

AFTER

It is used to mean :

I) Later in time :

Karim came after Hasim.

II) Pursuit :

People ran after the thief.

III) Likeness :

Suresh takes after his father.

AGAINST

IT is used to express :

I) Support :
He leaned against the wall.

II) The opposition of some kind :

He did it against our will.

AT

I) Place :
We live at Jorhat.

II) Time :
He came at 7 O’clock.

III) Destination :
They arrived at the station.

IV) price :
Rice sells at three rupees a kilogram.

BY

It is used to express :

I) An agency
II) During
III) Means
IV) Measure

FOR

it is used to mean :

I) Duration of time.

II) Cause
III) Purpose
IV) On behalf of

FROM

It is used to indicate :

I) Source . II) ReasonBEYOND

It is used to mean :

I) On the farther side of :

A river flows beyond the hillock.

II) Above: Exceeding

It is beyond my power.BEHIND

It is used to mean :

I) Lateness in time :

The train is running behind time.

II) At the back of :

The child stood behind his mother

III) Hiding :

One could see tears behind his smile.

BELOW

it is used to express :

The idea of a lower point of degree.OFF

It denotes the separation of a near distance :

He fell off a horse.

Keep off the evil company.

THROUGH

It is used to mean across the interior :

I) Time II) Place III) Motive IV) StateUNDER

it is used to mean :

I) Below II ) Less than the price of III) SubjectionEXERCISE OF PREPOSITIONS

  1. We took shelter under a tree.

  2. the sky is above our head.

  3. Take care of your books.

  4. It is very kind of you.

  5. The Tinsukia mail is due at 12 noon.

  6. We cut cloth with scissors.

  7. The horse jumped over the ditch.

  8. The man climbed up the ladder.

  9. I did it for fun only.

  10. It is at 4 O’clock by the watch.

  11. Wash your hands with soap.

  12. The old man walks with a stick.

  13. Many thanks for your greetings.

  14. I have not seen you for a long time.

  15. He will attend school from tomorrow.

  16. He has been ill since yesterday.

  17. The horse is in the stable.

ALSO READ :

  1. WHAT IS CONJUNCTION?
  2. WHAT IS NOUN?

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