Interjection ( July 2019) : Definition and important exercise

Interjection: 

An Interjection is a word which expresses some sudden emotion or feeling and has no grammatical connection with the rest of the sentence.

An interjection is used to express some sudden emotion or feeling – joy, surprise, sorrow, fear, anger, approval, attention etc.

Read the Following sentences carefully

  1. Hurrah! WEe have won the match.
  2. Alas! The Oldman is dead.
  3. Ah! What shall we do now?
  4. Hello! What’s the matter with you?
  5. Hark! The cuckoo is singing.
  6. Hush! Don’t disturb me.
  7. Oh! I have lost my pen.

These interjections are not grammatically connected with the rest of the sentence. The are interjected or ‘ thrown in ‘ to express a sudden emotion.

In the above sentences the word italics as Hurrah, Alas, Hello, etc are called interjection. These are used to express some sudden emotion or feeling – joy, surprise, sorrow, fear, anger, approval, attention etc.

An interjection is, therefore, defined as a word which expresses some sudden emotion or feeling and has no grammatical connection with the rest of the sentence. 

For example: 

Ah me!

Goodbye!

For shame!

Fie on you!

Good gracious

Oh dear me!

Now, look at the following two sentences:-

What a tragedy!

Well done!

How pathetic.

Groups of words of an interjectional character as the above two are actually not interjections. These are elliptical sentences whether that’s being followed by the mark of explanation or not.

What a tragedy! = It is a painful tragedy.

Well done! = It has been done well.

How pathetic! = It is very pathetic.

Groups of a verb or verb idioms are formed by verbs followed the different prepositions. They have an idiomatic sense.

For Example:

  1. Abide by: we should abide by your counsel.
  2. Abide with: O God! Abide with me.
  3. Back out: He promised me to help us but then back out.
  4. Backup: I shall back up your case.
  5. Bear out: I shall bear out this difficult boldly.
  6. Bear up: I shall bear up your statement.
  7. Bear away: Hem bore away the first prize in the high jump.
  8. Bear down: He bore down all opportunity boldly.
  9. Bear with: it is hard to bear with such a temper.

ALSO READ :

  1. STORY WRITING
  2. ESSAY WRITING
  3. ANTONYMS: MEANING, TYPES WITH IMPORTANT EXERCISE

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