Future Tense ( July 2019 ) : Meaning, Types and Important exercise

FUTURE TENSE : 

There are three types of future tense which are explain below: 

Future Indefinite Tense: 

The  Future Indefinite  Tense is used to denote an event or action that will be performed in some future time. 

       E. g :

  1.     Tomorrow will be Saturday. 
  2. He will forty tomorrow. 
  3. They will come day after tomorrow. 
  4. We shall start early in the morning. 
  5. I shall finish the work on Monday next. 

The Future Indefinite Tense is formed with shall / will and the indefinite ( without ‘ to ‘ )

PATTERN : SUBJECT + SHALL / WILL + PRESENT FORM OF THE VERB 

USES OF SHALL & WILL :

I)  ‘ Shall ‘ in the first person and ‘ will ‘ in the second person and the third person indicate simple futurity. 

     E. g : 

            I shall go tomorrow. 

           We shall play football. 

          Bonita will sing a song. 

II)  ‘ Shall ‘ in the second and the third person indicates promise, command, treat and prohibition. 

E. g. :

          You shall not make a noise here. 

          You shall do it. 

III)  ‘ Will ‘ in the first person indicate determination, promise or intentions of the speaker. 

  E. g. :

       I will tell your father about this. 

       I will not disobey my elders. 

        I will give you a reward. 

IV)  While we have both ‘ I shall ‘ and ‘ I will ‘ forms, ‘will’ is the only form used with example like John and I, You and I etc. 

IV)  While in the Affirmative ‘ will ‘ is chiefly used with the first person, It is not usual in the first person interrogative. 

E. g: 

        Shall I do it? 

        Shall we do it ?

       Shall I consult a doctor? 

EXERCISE :

              I shall work hard next time. 

              You shall have the money next time. 

              I shall go tomorrow. 

            I won’t help you in this matter. 

            We shall start a new shop. 

            We shall go out for a picnic next Saturday. 

             I will tell your father about this matter. 

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE :

The Future Continuous Tense is used to express an Action still going on the future. 

     E. g : 

              I shall be reading a poem. 

             He will be writing a letter. 

             They will learning English Grammar. 

The Chief use of this tense is used to express a future without Intention. It differs from the present Continuous Tense on the following points :

   a)  The continuous Tense Implies a deliberate future action, but the Future Continuous Tense Expresses an action that will occur in the normal course of event. 

b)  The Future Continuous Tense is less definite and more casual ‘ than the Present Continuous Tense. 

c)  The Present Continuous Tense is used only with a definite time and for near nature. 

E. g : 

              I shall be meeting the principal tomorrow. 

 The future Continuous Tense is formed with the Future Tense of the verb to ‘ be ‘ plus the present participle. 

PATTERN : SUBJECT + SHALL / WILL ( BE ) + VERB + ING

EXERCISE :

       I shall be learning my lessons. 

      He will be learning my lessons. 

       He will having  his break fast at seven tomorrow. 

      I shall be waiting for you this time tomorrow. 

      They will be playing badminton at this time tomorrow. 

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE :

The future perfect Tense is used to express an action that will have been completed at or before a given time in the future. 

   E. g : 

           I shall have reached kolkata by this time tomorrow. 

          He will have finished his work by this time tomorrow. 

         We shall reached home before it rains. 

        Marie will have completed her home work before bed time. 

The future perfect tense is formed with shall have / will have plus the past participle of the verb. 

PATTERN : SUBJECT + SHALL /WILL ( HAVE)  + PAST PARTICIPLE OF THE VERB. 

EXERCISE :  

      By half past six we shall have had our breakfast. 

      I shall have read Shakespeare’s tragedies by the end of the months. 

     The booking counter will have close by tea time. 

      The birds will have flown before winter sets in. 

THE FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE :

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express an action that will be continuing or going on for sometime in the future until another begins in the future. 

  E. g : 

       I shall have been reading English for a week next month. 

       Nila will have been practicing the violin for a fortnight next months. 

      We shall have been discussing the matter before the chairman arrives. 

       The ship will be sailing for four days before it reaches port Blair.

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense is formed with shall have been / will have been plus the present participle of the verb. 

PATTERN : SUBJECT + SHALL HAVE BEEN / WILL HAVE BEEN + VERB + ING 

EXERCISE :

      I shall have been finishing the work for next week. 

     He will have been playing for nest 30 hrs. 

ALSO READ :

  1. PRONOUN : MEANING,TYPES AND IMPORTANT EXERCISE
  2. NOUN : MEANING, TYPES AND IMPORTANT EXERCISE
  3. CONJUNCTION :MEANING, TYPES AND IMPORTANT EXERCISE
  4. PREPOSITIONS :MEANING, TTPES AND IMPORTANT EXERCISE
  5. STORY WRITING
  6. REPORT WRITING

Categories Grammar

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