Correlatives ( July 2019) :Definition, Example and 50 Most important Exercise

Correlatives:

Conjunction which is used in pairs is called Correlatives. A Correlative is conjunction plus another word joined inseparably.

Ex.

He is neither diligent nor intelligent.

She is both beautiful and intelligent.

He will either resign or retire.

Though he tried hard, yet he could not pass.

In the above sentences, the word in italics – neither… Nor, either… Or, Both…… And, Though….. Yet all are Correlatives.

The Chief Correlatives are

  1. Either……… Or
  2. Neither……. Nor
  3. Whether……. Or
  4. Both…………… And
  5. Not only………. But also
  6. Not……………… But
  7. Though……….. Yet
  8. Such…………….. As
  9. Such……………… That
  10. The same……….. That
  11. The same…………. As
  12. As…….. ………… As
  13. As………………….. So
  14. So………………….. That
  15. No sooner………. Than
  16. Hardly…………….. When
  17. Scary ……………… Before

Remember that each of the Correlatives words should be placed immediately before the words to be connected.

  1. Lions are found in both Asia and Africa.
  2. Both Ram and Shyam are honest.
  3. I want neither a pen nor a pencil.
  4. Either Paul or Peter will play.
  5. He would neither play nor write.

USE OF SOME CORRELATIVES

1. EITHER….. OR, NEITHER… OR

” EITHER…… OR ” is used to denote one or the other of two. It has an affirmative meaning.

” Neither……. Nor ” is used to denote the sense of none or nothing of the two. It has a negative meaning.

Ex.

  1. Either Jadu or Madhu will go.
  2. Mantu is either a fool or a knave.
  3. He is neither a scholar nor a prophet.
  4. Neither you nor he was present there.
  5. I met neither Paul nor Peter.

Note that if Neither……… Nor, or either……… Or joins Singular nouns, the verb used will be a singular verb :

  1. Neither Haren or Naren is guilty.
  2. Either home swears or somewhere has done this.

But if one subject is singular and one plural, the plural subject will be used later and the verb used will be a plural verb.

Either he or his friends are guilty.

Neither Hari or his brothers have done this.

Also, note that if two subjects of different persons are joined by ‘either… Or, or ‘ neither….. Nor ‘, the verb should follow the person of the subject used later :

Either Kanu or I am to go there.

Neither you and your friend is guilty.

2. BOTH. ….. AND

It is used just before the two Nouns or Adjectives that it connects :

Ex.

  1. John is both sincere and hard working.
  2. I like both painting and music.
  3. Both Ramesh and Suresh were Present.
  4. Shakespeare was both a poet and a dramatist.

3. NOT ONLY………… BUT ALSO

It is used just before the two nouns or adjectives that it connects :

Ex.

  1. Rita is not only beautiful but also intelligent.
  2. He knows not only Assamese but also English.
  3. We visited not only Agra but also Ahmadabad.
  4. He is not only brave but also wise.

4. WHETHER ………… OR

Ex.

  1. I don’t know whether I should move forward or backwards.
  2. I asked him whether he would return that night or not.
  3. Whether he supports us or not at all important.

5. THOUGH………. YET

  1. Though he is poor yet he is honest.
  2. Through the read hard yet he could not pass.
  3. Though he works hard yet he couldn’t earn well.

6. SO…………. THAT

  1. He was so lazy that he could not work hard.
  2. He worked so hard that he fell it.
  3. It is never so late that you cannot mend it.

7. As……………….. as

  1. David is greedy as Samuel.
  2. I am as eager as you are.
  3. Ratner is as tall as Debeswar.

8. So…………. As

  1. Silver is not so valuable as gold.
  2. A cure is not so good as prevention.
  3. I am not so wise as you think.

9. No sooner………… Than

  1. No sooner had he seen me than he fled.
  2. No sooner had the hunter seen the tiger than he shot it.
  3. No sooner had he gone to the station than the train started.
  4. No sooner did he see me than he fled.

10. HARDLY…………. WHEN OR SCARCELY…….. WHEN

  1. Hardly had he gone out when his friends came.
  2. Scarcely had he gone when the telephone rang.
  3. Scarcely had she gone to bed before the doorbell rang.

11. SUCH…….. AS

  1. There is no such man as you mention.
  2. He is not such a man as you think.

12. SUCH ……… .. THAT

  1. Such was his friendship for me that he didn’t hesitate to risk his life.
  2. Such is our admiration for our leader that we are ready to follow him anywhere.

13. As……….. So

  1. As you sow, so shall you reap.
  2. As the leader is, so are his followers.

EXERCISE

  1. Either you or your friend has done this.
  2. Neither you and your brother is guilty.
  3. I do not know whether your friend will come or not.
  4. He is not so tall that you are.
  5. Not only Ram but also his sister attended the meeting.
  6. I don’t care whether you support us or not.
  7. He is not only intelligent but also intelligent.
  8. He is not only idle but also sticky.
  9. That boy is so dull as an as.
  10. Lanita is not so smart as Babita.
  11. He is so strong as you are.
  12. He is not only honest but also sincere.
  13. Neither I meet him nor his unc.
  14. Nandita is not only intelligent but also beautiful.
  15. He is so ill that he can hardly move.

Related:

Parts Of Speech: Meaning, Types And Important Exercise

Categories Grammar

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