Conjunction : Meaning, Types and Exercise

CONJUNCTION

A Conjunction is thus a word which connects one to another word. It is a word which is used to join words or sentence together.

Ex.

  1. The boy wrote his answer clearly and legibly.
  2. Do you like an orange or an apple?
  3. God made the country but man made the town.
  4. She must weep or she will die.

In the above sentences the word italics with ‘And’, ‘ Or ‘, ‘ But ‘ have connected two words or two sentences. These words are called Conjunction.

KINDS OF CONJUNCTION

These are mainly of three Kinds :

  1. Co-Ordinating
  2. Correlative
  3. Subordinating

1. CO-ORDINATING

The conjunction that joins together words or sentences of equal rank or order is called a Co-Ordinating Conjunction. CO – Ordinating Conjunction is that conjunction which is connected a Noun with another Noun, An Adverb with another Adverb and An Adjectives with Another adjective. Such kind of Conjunctions is called Co-Ordinating Conjunction.

Ex.

  1. Boys and girls met the principal in his chamber.
  2. He spoke clearly and loudly.
  3. Satish is honest and diligent.

Make that the word ‘ and ‘ has connected two Nouns in the first sentence, and two adverbs in the second sentence and two adjectives in the third sentence.

The Chief Co-Ordinating conjunctions are –

And, or, for, either… Or, neither… Nor, else, still, etc.

Again, CO – Ordinating Conjunction is subdivided into four kinds

  1. Cumulative
  2. Distinctive
  3. Illative
  4. Adversative

Cumulative Conjunction :

They merely add one statement to another.

Ex.

We carved not a line and we raised nirvana stone.

Distinctive Conjunction :

They express a choice between two alternatives.

Ex.

She weeps or she will die.

Illative Conjunction :

They merely express an inference.

Ex.

He could not go to school.

Adversative Conjunction :

They express a contrast between one statement to another.

He is slow, but he is steady.

Mark the use of some coordinating conjunction

Or: She must weep or she will die.

Give me orange or chocolate.

FOR: I must go there, for I have to meet an important person.

BUT: I wanted to help him, but he refused to accept my help.

YET: Samar has a lot of money, yet he looks unhappy.

OTHERWISE: We should walk fast, otherwise we may miss the train.

STILL: He searched the place thoroughly, still he could not find the ring.

SO: Harish Suddenly fell ill, so we called in a doctor.

THEREFORE: Hari was absent from school for a couple of days, therefore the headmaster demanded an explanation from him.

2. CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION

A Correlatives conjunction is conjunction plus another word joined inseparably with it. It is also called ‘Two-word’ conjunction.

When conjunction or joining word joins inseparably with another word and forms a pair of conjunction, that pairs of conjunction are called a Correlative.

Ex.

  1. He is either a fool or a knave.
  2. Either Jadu or Madhu will go.
  3. I met neither him nor his friend.
  4. She can neither dance nor sang.
  5. I don’t know whether I should move forward or backwards.
  6. Ask him whether he will accept our offer or not.
  7. He is both honest and sincere.
  8. He is not only honest but also diligent.
  9. I am as eager that you are.

3. SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION

A subordinating conjunction connects a subordinate clause with the principal clause for giving the complete meaning. It joins a clause to another on which it depends for its full meaning.

These clauses do not give complete meaning. Each of them depends on the principal clause for giving complete meaning. For this, the clauses introduced by these are called Subordinates and these conjunctions are called Subordinating Conjunction.

Ex.

  1. The boys began to shout when the teacher went out.
  2. Neeta walked to the place where the lamp was burning dimly.
  3. Sunil is happy because he passed the examination.
  4. He stood there until his friend returned.
  5. Do the sums I tell you.
  6. We read that we may learn.

In the above sentences conjunctions like when, where, because, until all of these introduce a clause.

These Claused are –

  1. When the teacher went out.
  2. Where the lamp was burning dimly.
  3. Because he has passed the examination.
  4. Until his friend return.
  5. As I tell you
  6. That we may learn.

These clauses do not give complete meaning. Each of them depends on the principal clause for giving complete meaning. These principal are known as Subordinating conjunction.

IMPORTANT EXERCISE

  1. He spoke clearly and loudly.
  2. Bouts and girls met the principal in his chamber.
  3. We carved not a line, and we raised not a stone.
  4. Neither a borrower nor a lender is.
  5. Walk fast, else you will miss the flight.
  6. He could not go to school, for he was laid up with fever.
  7. Rajesh was quite dejected, for he did not expect such a turn of events.
  8. I called him, Still, he didn’t respond.
  9. The man is poor but honest.
  10. The patient is all right, only he is very weak.
  11. I must go there, for I have to meet an important person.
  12. I wanted to help him, but he refused to accept any help.
  13. He is rich but he does not help his relatives.
  14. He is poor still people like him.
  15. Harsh suddenly fell ill, so we called in a doctor.
  16. We should walk fast, otherwise, we may miss the train.
  17. He is neither deaf nor dumb.
  18. He is both honest and diligent.
  19. I am as eager as you are.
  20. Though he is poor, yet he is honest.
  21. Ask him whether he will accept our offer or not.

ALSO READ :

  1. PREPOSITIONS -6 ESSENTIAL STEPS OF PREPOSITIONS
  2. CORRELATIVES
  3. STORY WRITING 
  4. ESSAY WRITING 
  5. REPORT WRITING 
  6. -WHAT IS GRAMMAR? DEFINITION WITH EXAMPLE
  7. GRAMMAR CHECK: HOW TO CHECK GRAMMAR SPELLING

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