What is Article 13

A, An, the – these three determiners are called Article. They are not separate parts of speech. These are actually adjectives, but they don’t qualify a noun. For this, these are called Articles.

Remember that the determiners A, An, The are called Articles. These are the weekend forms of Adjectives and refer to nouns before which they are used.

Articles are divided into two groups :

  1. The Indefinite Articles: A, An
  2. The definite article: The

What is indefinite Article?

A and An are called indefinite Article because they don’t refer to OR point our any particular object poor person.

Ex.

  1. He is a boy = It means any boy.
  2. It is an orange= It means any orange.
  3. Give me a biscuit = It means any biscuit.

They don’t indicate any particular boy, orange and biscuits.

Article

What is a Definite Article?

The is called a definite article because it indicates a particular person or thing.

Ex.

  1. Give me a pencil. (some particular pencil)
  2. Put the book on the table. (some particular book and some particular table)

General Uses Of Articles :

A. As a rule, ‘The‘ is used when a noun is particularised.

Ex.

The boy who came yesterday is y friend.

This is the book that I bought the other day.

B. As a general rule, a countable noun in the singular number must have an article before it.

Ex.

We have seen tiger =incorrect.

We have seen the tiger= correct.

Give me an umbrella =incorrect.

Give me an umbrella =correct.

Give me the umbrella =correct.

C. A countable noun in the plural Number does not ordinarily take an article before it.

Ex.

  1. Boys play football.
  2. Children make a noise.

But it takes the definite article “The” before it when it is particularised.

Ex.

  1. The boys in our class play football.
  2. The girls in this class can dance.

Difference between A, An & One

A. ‘A’ or ‘An‘ is a weekend form of ‘one’s.

There is a difference in meaning between them. “A” or “An” points to a species or kind, but “one” points to a number.

Ex.

Give me an orange.

The above sentence implies that orange is wanted, it may be any orange

Give me one orange.

This sentence implies that only one orange is wanted -not two or three or four orange.

B. The is a weekend form of the demonstrative Adjective that.

The Uses of A :

A is used before:-

  1. A constant:-

A boy A cat

A girl A tiger

A word. A picture

A letter A book

2. A vowel having the sound ” yu” or too:-

A university A uniform

A union A useful Thing

A unicorn A European

3. Before the vowel “O” when it is sounded As “WA”:-

A one-eyed deer. A one Act play

A one rupee note. A one-horned rhino.

4. Before a singular countable noun to indicate a class:-

A tiger is a ferocious animal.

A son should honour his parents.

Note “An” and “The” can also be used in this sense :

A tiger is a ferocious animal.

An ant is an industrious creature.

The tiger is a ferocious animal.

The ant is an industrious creature.

5. Before a proper noun to mean “one of the name”:

There was a Rahim in our village.

A Mr Barman says so.

Mr Hazarika asked me that question.

6. Before a proper noun or common to mean a person or object having the same qualities:-

He is a Hercules.

A Daniel comes to judgement.

Every poet is not a Rabindranath.

A Shakespeare is not born in every age.

He is a Newton.

He is a tiger when roused.

You are a fox.

He is a Bhisma in resolve.

7. Before an uncountable Nouns to give a particular instance or kind of a material or quality :

Milk is food.

Gold is a precious metal.

This is pure silver.

She showed me kindness.

The boy showed a courage which drew everyone’s applause.

8. Before Plural countable nouns such a dozen, thousand, hundreds etc.

We paid the man a hundred rupees.

We shall pay you a thousand rupees for this week.

A dozen pencils will do.

9. To denote “One” certain, the same.

Twelve months make a year. = one

Two of a trade can never agree. = the same.

Birds of a feather flock together =(the same)

I met a friend = one.

A bird in the hand is worth talking the bush.

10. Before an adjective in the superlative degree to denote an excessive measure 

Iron is the most useful metal.

This is a most interesting book.

11. As a shortened form of the preposition “on”:-

He gets twenty rupees a day.

He comes here once a month.

Rice sells here Rs. 3 a kilo.

The king Wendy’s hunting.

12. Before the word “What” to make an exclamatory sentence:-

What a pity!

What fine weather!

Read the following sentences and mark how a or an is used in the sense of one:-

A. To indicate only one and not more than that:-

I want a pen.

Give me a rupee.

We have a dog.

A boy showed me the way.

B. To indicate a specified object :

I Shaw a mad dog.

He is a friend of mine.

The Uses Of An :

An” is used before:-

A. Before a word that begins with a vowel:-

An Assamese Custom.

An elephant.

An inkpot.

B. Before a word that begins with a silent or mute “h”:-

An heir.

An honest man.

An honourable man.

But “A” will be used when “h” is aspirated :

A horse.

A hot water bag.

Note that “An” has been used before hotel and historian for a long time. Nowadays “A” is used before them :

A hotel.

A humble boy.

The uses Of “The”

The is used:-

1. To denote a particular person or thing already known:-

I like the boy.

Give me a pen.

Let us go to the park.

2. Before a singular common noun to demote or generalise the whole :

The cow is a faithful animal.

The rose is a lovely flower.

3. Before a singular noun referring to a thing of which only one exists I.e before the name of a unique thing that has no plural form:-

The sky is blue.

The sun rises in the east.

The moon shines at night.

4. Similar words which “The” is used are :

The earth.

The universe.

The equator.

The topic of cancer.

5. To point out a Noun defined by a qualifying word or phrase :

The book that you gave me is missing.

The briefcase containing valuable documents is lost.

6. Before an adverb used in a comparison :

The more we get, the more we want.

The more we read, the more we learn.

7. Before Noun to indicate a profession:-

He joined the bar. (became a lawyer)

He joined the church.

8. Before ordinal numbers when written in a letter, and not in Roman Notation :

I have read the second chapter of the book

He fought in the second world war.

9. Before the date of months :

The 15th of August.

The 26th of January.

10. When two or more nouns joined by and refer to the same person:-

The secretary mad headmaster of the school has announced the reward.

The secretary and treasurer were present in the office.

11. To point out a particular family, we should use the before the surname of the title of the family and the title should be used in the plural form:-

The Nehrus of Allahabad is known all over the world.

Do you know the Sharma of Ujanbazar?

The Bezboruas of Sibsagar is famous.

12. Before some adjectives and adjectives denoting tittle :

Alexander the great.

Akbar the conqueror.

Ashoka, the beloved of the gods.

Akbar the great.

Solomon the wise.

Use Articles (A, An or The) Where necessary to fill up the gaps :

  1. —— Agra stands on ……. Jamuna.
  2. ………. Sooner,……better.
  3. ………. Sri Lanka is to ………. South of India.
  4. ………… Punjabi is watered by ……. Indus and her tributaries.
  5. I met ………. humble villager.
  6. She lost …….. One rupee note while she was travelling by ……….. train.
  7. ………… English is the mother tongue of ……….English.
  8. I always drink………… glass of milk before I go to bed.
  9. ……. Cow is…….. Useful animal.
  10. Bubu reads in………. Lp school.
  11. ……… The chair is made of…… Wood.
  12. ……. Angry cat bit ……..baby’s hand.
  13. He struck……. boy with……. axe.
  14. Take…….. Orange from……… basket.
  15. He is………. rich man but has no friendship with…… rich.
  16. ….. lion is beast of prey.
  17. Which is……. The longest river in…….. World.
  18. …………water of……. The Ganges is holy.
  19. We waited for…… hour to catch… bus.
  20. ……….. A motor car can run eighty kilometres….hour.
  21. I met him on……. Way to… Station.
  22. We all know that…… Everest is…. highest peak the world.
  23. You must write…….. Ink’, here is…….. Pen.
  24. …………more you read… More you learn.
  25. …….Daniel comes to judgement.
  26. It is…….. Most interesting drama.
  27. ………honesty is… best policy.
  28. I like to drink…… milk but …..milk we get here is adulterated.
  29. …….Ganges rises from……… Himalayas and flows to……… Bay to Bangal.
  30. The headmaster and……… secretary is in the room.
  31. We get…. light from………. sun.
  32. He was………. Old man with…….. gentle face.
  33. He is….. historian of a great game.
  34. There is……. chair in….. corner.
  35. I used to play …….cricket when I was……. Boy.
  36. Kalidas is…….. Shakespeare of India.
  37. Always read for…… hour in…… morning.
  38. Birds of ………feather flock together.
  39. It is …… historical novel.
  40. He was elected……. President.
  41. Shelley is….. Poet and……. Thinker.
  42. He came on……… Foot.
  43. ………….Longest day has……… Shortest night.
  44. He reads ……..Bible every day.
  45. He is rather………. queer fellow.
  46. ………iron is………. metal.
  47. We get light from……… Sun.
  48. ………honesty is ……. Best policy.
  49. Akbar…….. Great was……. Intelligent ruler.
  50. ………sun rises in………. East.

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  8. HOW TO WRITE A WONDERFUL JOKE ?
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Categories Grammar

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