An Adverb is a part of speech that provides more information about Verb, speech or sentence.
1. She speaks English well.
2. He never tell a lie.
3. I couldn’t attend school in time.
4. The moon shines when it is night.
Make the word or words in italics in the above sentences. Each of them is doing the work of an adverb The first two are simple adverbs. The third is an Adverb phrase and the fourth is a Clause. These are called Adverb or adverbial.
The term ‘Adverbial ‘ is used to indicate simple Adverbs , Adverb phrases and
Adverb clauses .
KINDS OF ADVERB:
Simple Adverb may be of different kinds :
1.Adverb Of Time, telling when :
He came late.
I have seen you before
Mariah comes here daily.
2. Adverbs Of Place, telling, ‘where’:
The boy looked up.
My father is out.
He came in.
3. Adverbs Of manner, telling how or in what manner
He acted wisely.
she slept soundly.
The boys shouted loudly.
4. Adverbs Of Degree or Quantity :telling how much or in what condition or to what extent.
You are all together wrong.
We are fully prepared.
5. Adverbs of Reasons, telling why
He is, therefore, unwilling to join us.
The boy was, hence, unable to pay his fees.
6. Adverbs Of frequency
He often comes here
He seldom goes there.
7. Adverbs Of Affirmation and negation
Surely you are mistaken.
I don’t come at all.
N. B. Remember some Adverbs are like Adjectives, have their degrees of comparison. Mainly Adverbs Of manner, degree and time are usually like
Fast Faster Fastest
Soon Sooner Soonest
Long longer longest
Shiny ran fast.
Shiny ran fast than Kitty.
Shiny ran fastest of all.
POSITION OF ADVERBS
Position of adverbs are divided in three types :
1. Front Position
2. Mid position
3. End position
A. FRONT POSITION ADVERB
An adverb which is used to ask a question (like how, when, where, why)
are used in the beginning of a sentence.
How did you do the sum?
When will he return home?
B. MID POSITION ADVERB
Adverbs of Frequency which are used to denote the sense of ‘how often’ –
are generally used in the middle of the sentence. The mid-position adverb
is also divided into two types :
1.Pre -Finite Position
2. Post Finite Position
1.PREFINITE POSITION :
Adverbs of frequency are used just before the Finite verbs that they modify :
He always goes there.
I never tell a lie.
He often comes here.
2.POST FINITE POSITION
If the finite verb in the sentence us an Anomalous Finite or special Finite,
the Adverb of frequency is used after the Anomalous finite or special finite.
He is always present.
She is often busy.
They are never punctual.
C. END POSITION ADVERB
adverbs of manner, adverbs of place, adverbs of time are generally used at
the end of a sentence.
She came last night.
Sheila worked badly.
USES OF ADVERBS:
1.Hard and Hardly :
Hard means diligently or laboriously.
Sujata works hard
He hardly comes here.
2.Late and lately :
‘Late’ means after the given or appointed.
He come to school late.
He was late in attending the meeting.
‘Lately ‘ means ‘recently ‘ . It is usually used in the present perfect tense.
He lately become famous.
He has died lately.
3.Ago and Before :
‘Ago ‘ means from now dating backward.
It is used in respect of a period of time.
It is used after a Noun or after the Adverb ‘Long’.
I met her long ago.
He visit Maharashtra three years ago.
‘Before ‘ as an adverb means ‘on a former occasion ‘. It relates to point of
time. It’s used is similar to that of ‘Ago’ but it may be used without a Noun
I said this once before.
I never saw this man before.
4. Presently and just now :
‘Presently’ means after a short time. It also stands for future action.
I shall go there presently .
He will return to India presently.
‘Just now ‘ is used to mean an action that has already been done. It is never
used to denote future action. It is used in the present perfect tense.
He has returned home just now.
I have left this place just now.
5. Much And Very
‘Much’ is used with the past participle of a verb and the comparative
degrees of adjectives and adverbs.
You are much changed now a day.
Hari is much stronger than Satish.
‘Very ‘ is used with the present participle and the positive degree of
Adjectives and adverb.
This book is very interesting.
He acted very wisely.
6.Too Much and Much Too :
‘Too Much ‘ -it modifies a noun.
Hari eats too many sweets.
‘ Much Too ‘ – It modifies adjectives.
This boy is much too cleaver.
7. Too and Enough :
‘Too ‘ is used in place of ‘ very ‘ to denote excess of some kind. It is used
before and Adjective and conveys a negative meaning.
It is too hot to go out.
You talk too much.
‘Enough ‘ is also a place of very but it has a positive meaning. It is used after
the adjective which it modifies –
He is intelligent enough to answer your question.
You are rich enough to pay the bill.
8. Fairly and Rather :
Both of them convey the meaning ‘moderately. ‘ Fairly ‘ is used in a pleasant
sensation while ‘rather’ is used in an unpleasant sense.
His lecture was rather boring.
The latter of the film was fairly interesting.
Choose the correct answer in the given below
1. He is tired. ( ———)
Answer : (B) She is very tired.
2. The news is (——) good to be true.
Answer : (C) The news is too good to be true.
3. The patient’s conditions are (——) better today.
Answer : (C) The patient condition is much better today.
4. Jadu is (——) stronger than me.
Answer : (B) Jady is much stronger than me.
5. The story is (—-) interesting.
Answer : (A) The story is very interesting.
6. You talk ( —-) much.
Answer : (B) You talk too much.
7. You are (—–) late to catch the train.
Answer : (C ) You are too late to catch the train.
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